Events

Born on December 18th:

Christopher POLHAMMAR (1661 - 30.8.1751), a Swedish scientist, inventor, and industrialist. He made a significant contribution to the economic and industrial development of Sweden, especially in the mining industry. His greatest achievement was an automated plant with mechanisms completely driven by water movements; automation was a very unusual occurrence at that time. He worked not only in the field of mechanics, but he also wrote essays on medicine, society, astronomy, geology, and economics.

Joseph John THOMSON (1856 - 30.8.1940), an English physicist who discovered the electron, the Nobel laureate of 1906 "in recognition of his theoretical and experimental investigations on the conduction of electricity by gases".

Charles Galton DARWIN (1887 - 31.12.1962), an English theoretical physicist and mathematician, grandson of the famous naturalist Charles Darwin. He is best known for his work on the theory of X-ray diffraction, statistical mechanics (Darwin-Fowler method), quantum physics (the quantum-mechanical theory of the Zeeman effect, the theory of the Dirac-type electron, etc.).

Edwin Howard ARMSTRONG (1890 - 31.1.1954), an American radio inventor who had developed an FM broadcasting system by 1933. Having become a millionaire in the 1920s, he invested all means in the development of his brainchild and in 1939 built the first FM radio station.

Lenore Epstein BLUM (1942), an American mathematician, a specialist in general algebra and the theory of computational complexity. In 1986, she and her husband, Manuel Blum, proposed an algorithm for generating pseudo-random numbers, which became known as the Blum-Shub algorithm. The Full member (fellow) of the American Mathematical Society (2012).

Cornelis Anthony Schauhamer IMMINK (1946), a Dutch scientist, engineer, and entrepreneur. One of the co-authors of algorithms and means of encoding information for CD and DVD. Owner of more than 1,100 international patents and US patents. He was awarded the Edison Medal for success in the development of digital audio, video and other information recording technology, the Emmy Technological Award, which was awarded to him by the National Academy of Artists and Television Scientists (NATAS). He has held many positions in technical communities, government, and research organizations.

Pavel Aleksandrovich BELOV (1977), a Russian physicist engaged in the development of optical metamaterials, which allow transmitting images with superresolution (that is, much smaller than the wavelength of the radiation used), several orders of magnitude superior to conventional optical imaging systems. In particular, he created a hyperlens, transmitting images with a resolution 15 times shorter than the wavelength for distances greater than three wavelengths and increasing them by three times.

 

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